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MA Framework Standards




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Home Definitions Feedback/Rubric About Engineering
Design process Connect Stories Examples Prek-5 grade differences
Thinking Skills Standards Project Learning Program overview

Social Studies/ History:
When choosing your book, you can integrate Social Studies/History by picking books with themes that track the Social Studies/History Framework . See an example of integrating Social Studies/ History.

 Pre-Kindergarten–Kindergarten: Living, Learning, and Working Together
Grade 1 : True Stories and Folk Tales from America and from Around the World 
Grade2:   E Pluribus Unum: From Many ,One 
Grade 3 : Massachusetts and its Cities and Towns: Geography and History 
Grade 4 : North American Geography with Optional Standards for One Early Civilization
Grade 5 : United States History, Geography, Economics, and Government: Early Exploration to Westward Movement


Science Framework: 
Pick the science that is planned to be taught or the science you just taught  to re-enforce its learning

General Science Principles, all grade level
Strand 1,2,3 K-2 grade,          K2-5 grade
Strand 4 engineering and technology


Questions to spark the development of the Design Challenges in stories:

  •  How can we solve the problem the character from the story is having?

  • What science or math can we use to improve the direction of the story?

  • What action words can we find in the story?  Can we list them?  What physical items can these words relate too? 

  • Can we make sentences out of these action words combined with engineering words  ( Design, construct, create, make…). 

  • How can we used this science____________ to help create a solution to the design challenge?

What science are we studying now?  Can we Segue into the subject with our story or use our story to re-enforce what we have already covered.

Science Framework Strands ( Massachusetts):

Earth & Space


Strand 1


Energy in the Earth System                        

Materials and Energy Resources

Earth process and Cycles

Structure of the Earth

Earth in the Solar System


Life Science


Strand 2

Characteristics of Living Things

Systems in living Things


Evolution and Biodiversity

Living things and their environment


Physic & Chemistry

Strand 3

State of Matter

Position and motion of objects

Forms of Energy



Strand 4



Engineering Design

Simple machines

Skills of Inquiry, Experimentation, and Design

Grades PreK–2

Ask questions about objects, organisms, and events in the environment.

Tell about why and what would happen if?

Make predictions based on observed patterns.

Name and use simple equipment and tools (e.g., rulers, meter sticks, thermometers, hand lenses, and balances) to gather data and extend the senses.

Record observations and data with pictures, numbers, or written statements.

Discuss observations with others.


Grades 3–5

Ask questions and make predictions that can be tested.

Select and use appropriate tools and technology (e.g., calculators, computers, balances, scales, meter sticks, graduated cylinders) in order to extend observations.

Keep accurate records while conducting simple investigations or experiments.

Conduct multiple trials to test a prediction. Compare the result of an investigation or experiment with the prediction.

Recognize simple patterns in data and use data to create a reasonable explanation for the results of an investigation or experiment.

Record data and communicate findings to others using graphs, charts, maps, models, and oral and written reports.


Mathematics Framework:

Mathematic outcomes

Mathematical reasoning is fundamental to the design and construction process.

In the lessons, we have the opportunity to ask mathematical thinking questions such as:

  • How would I draw a diagram that shows the area, dimensions, etc. of what we are doing?
  • How am I going to collect data to evaluate the design during the testing phase?
  • How would I calculate ________?
  • How would I calculate the cost of the material we need. 

In general we can ask questions that get the students thinking and probing about the following:




Number sense








Math Framework K-5 grade:


21st Century
Partnership‟s 21st Century Skills Framework, Handbook

  Prepared by  Bill Wolfson.  Copyright © 2009-2011
Last Updated  01/02/2011