Thinking Skills


“The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes” Marcel Proust.


What is thinking?

What the term refers to is the human capacity to think in conscious ways to achieve certain purposes. Use of the mind to form thoughts, to reason, to reflect.


  • remembering

  • forming concepts

  • reasoning

  • solving problems

  • judgments

  • questioning

  • planning

  • imagining

  • making decisions

  • system thinking


Thinking does not occur spontaneously but must be evoked by problems and questions or by some perplexity; confusion or doubt …


John Dewey


Howard Gardner points out in his blueprint for education, Five Minds for the Future (2006), learning in the 21st century requires a mind that is "disciplined, creating, synthesizing,  ethical  and respectful"


Slide overview of thinking skill process.  5/28/2013 version



Creative thinking
Critical thinking
System thinking